The research by Jalling et al. (2017) showed that the perception of peer drinking significantly predicted both genders’ heavy episodic drinking (HED) and risk-use. It was also noticed that externalizing behavior predicted female risk-use. Rule-breaking behavior and social problems predicted both HED and risk-use among males.
In the other hand, rule-breaking predicted female HED and social problems predicted female risk-use. No differences in prediction strength could be found to be statistically significant differences between genders.
Perception of peer drinking emerged as a strong predictor. This leads to the conclusion that interventions should target both genders’ hazardous use of alcohol, and they should address peer-resisting skills.
Jalling, Camilla & Elgán, Tobias H. & Tengström, Anders & Birgegård, Andreas 2017. Gender-specific predictors of at-risk adolescents’ hazardous alcohol use – a cohort study. Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy 12:23.